hold

Definitions

General English

Accounting

  • verb to make something happen
  • verb not to sell

Agriculture

  • verb to conceive after artificial insemination

Aviation

  • noun an area or compartment within the aircraft for carrying freight
  • verb to keep an aircraft in a particular position on the ground or in the air while waiting for further clearance from air traffic control

Commerce

  • verb to have a certain job or status

Computing

  • noun synchronisation timing pulse for a television time base signal
  • verb to retain or keep a value or communications line or section of memory

Electronics

  • To keep from moving or progressing without stopping operation. Also, to maintain at a given value. For example, to maintain a field at a specified intensity.
  • To retain information in a storage device. For instance, to hold data in a computer's RAM.
  • To interrupt a phone call without disconnecting it. For example, to put a call on hold.
  • In a charge storage tube, the use of electron bombardment to maintain storage elements at equilibrium potentials.

Law

  • verb to give as a formal decision

Media Studies

  • noun copy which is prepared and set aside for later publication (e.g., an obituary of a person in the public eye).

Military

  • noun a storage area in an aircraft or ship
  • verb to prevent the enemy from capturing

Origin & History of “hold”

Hold ‘grasp, clasp’ (OE) and hold ‘cargo store’ (16th c.) are not the same word. The verb goes back to a prehistoric Germanic source which meant ‘watch, guard’. this ancestral sense is preserved in the derivative behold (OE), but the simple verb hold, together with its relatives German halten (source of English halt), Dutch houden, Swedish hålla, and Danish holde, has moved on via ‘keep’ to ‘have in the hands’. The cargo hold, on the other hand, is simply an alteration (influenced by the verb hold) of an earlier hole or holl – which was either the English word hole or a borrowing of its Dutch relative hol.
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