hood

Definitions

General English

Construction

  • A protective cover over an object or opening.
  • A cover, sometimes including a fan, a light fixture, fire extinguishing system, and/or grease filtration/extraction system, and supported, hung, or secured to a wall such as above a cooking stove chimney, or to draw smoke, fumes, and odors away from the area and into a flue.
  • A curved baffle used to minimize scattering and separation of material discharged by a conveyor belt.

Electronics

  • An enclosure which allows a person to work with hazardous materials and/or components, with reduced exposure.
  • A shield placed over the screen of a CRT to help eliminate ambient light.

Media Studies

  • noun a cover for an appliance, or part of one, such as a camera lens

Real Estate

  • noun a fixed or revolving cover fitted to the top of a chimney to prevent downdraught

Slang

  • noun a neighbourhood. This abbreviation, heard in the argot of black street gangs, was popularised by the title of the 1991 US film Boyz ’N the Hood.
  • noun a criminal, (small-time) gangster. The longer form of the word was in use in the USA by the end of the 19th century; hood became widespread from the 1940s. Many suggestions have been offered as to the origin of the terms. The least unlikely are: a deformation of an Irish surname such as Hoolahan; an altered backslang version of Muldoon; a corruption of ‘huddle-’em’, supposedly the cry of a gang of muggers; and hodalem or hudilump, respectively Bavarian and Swiss dialect terms for a wretch or naughty boy.

Origin & History of “hood”

Ultimately hood and hat are the same word, and both mean etymologically ‘head-covering’. They go back to an Indo-European *kadh- ‘cover, protect’, which in the case of hood produced a west Germanic derivative *khōdaz. from it are descended German hut ‘hat’, Dutch hoed ‘hat’, and English hood. Hoodwink (16th c.) originally meant literally ‘cover someone’s eyes with a hood or blindfold so that they could not see’; the modern figurative sense ‘deceive’ is first recorded in the 17th century.
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