land

Definitions

General English

Agriculture

  • noun a section of a field, divided from other sections by a shallow furrow, a term used in systematic ploughing

Aviation

  • noun solid ground, as opposed to the sea
  • verb to set an aircraft onto the ground or another surface such as ice or water, after a flight

Banking

  • verb to put goods or passengers onto land after a voyage by sea or by air

Cars & Driving

  • noun a smooth, open area of a (grooved) surface, such as the bands of metal between the grooves in a piston which carry the piston rings.

Economics

  • noun an area of earth, which can have plants or buildings on its surface and minerals under the surface. Land is a tangible fixed asset and one of the factors of production.

Electronics

  • The solid portion of the surface of the planet earth.
  • On an optical disc, such as a CD or DVD, a non-indented portion, as opposed to an indented portion which is called pit (1). The laser beam is reflected off the lands, while being scattered or absorbed by the pits.
  • A surface between grooves, such as those of a diffraction grating or phonograph record.
  • On a printed circuit board, the printed conductive portion to which components are connected. It may consist, for instance, of the enlarged areas where component leads are soldered. Also called pad (2), or terminal area.

Law

  • noun an area of ground that somebody owns and may use for some purpose

Military

  • noun a solid part of the earth’s surface (i.e. not the sea)
  • verb to bring a flying aircraft back onto the ground
  • verb to leave a ship and go back onto dry land
  • verb to deploy troops from aircraft or ships

Politics

  • noun a nation or country
  • noun one of the regions which make up the federal republic of Germany and also Austria

Origin & History of “land”

Land goes back to a prehistoric Germanic *landam. this seems originally to have meant ‘particular (enclosed) area’ (ancestor of the modern sense ‘nation’), but in due course it branched out to ‘solid surface of the earth in general’. The term is now common to all the Germanic languages, and it has distant relatives in Welsh llan ‘enclosure, church’ and Breton lann ‘heath’ (source of French lande ‘heath, moor’, from which English gets lawn).
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