• noun a statement of permission that is given by one manufacturer to another and allows the second manufacturer to make copies of the first one’s products in return for payment of a fee

Health Economics

  • (written as Licence)
    The legal (or other formal) permission granted to a professional person to practise their profession or for a pharmaceutical company to manufacture a product whose patent or other intellectual property right is owned by someone else.

Information & Library Science

  • noun an official document giving permission to use or do something


  • noun an official document which allows someone to do something or to use something
  • noun permission given by someone to another person to do something which would otherwise be illegal
  • noun permission for someone to leave prison before the end of his or her sentence


  • noun an official document which allows someone to do something, e.g. one allowing a doctor to practise, a pharmacist to make and sell drugs or, in the USA, a nurse to practise


  • noun an official document showing that someone has permission to do something

Real Estate

  • noun a printed document that gives official permission to a specific person or group to own something or do something
  • noun official permission to do something, either from a government or under a law or regulation


  • An official document permitting a venue or company to presentdrama or other entertainment. In 1559 Elizabeth I banned unlicensedworks and by 1572 touring companies had to obtain a separate licencein each town they visited. Two years later, the Master of theRevels was made the licenser of all plays and companies. Duringthe reigns of James I and Charles I, all London companies were licensedto members of the royal family. In 1662 Charles II awarded monopolypatents for theatrical production in the city of Westminster to WilliamDavenant at Lincoln's Inn Fields and Thomas Killigrewat Drury Lane (see patent theaters).

    The Licensing Act of 1737 gave the Lord Chamberlainexclusive power to license theaters, halls, and other venues (exceptthe patent theaters) and also to license (and thereby veto) new plays.A new bill in 1752 required licences for all places of public entertainmentwithin 20 miles of London; this was extended to the whole countryin 1788. The unrestricted Irish and US stages welcomed English actorsand companies who could not obtain licences.

    The exact conditions to be met for licensing were stipulatedin the 1843 Theatres Act. This also reduced the Lord Chamberlain'spowers, which were finally abolished in the Theatres Act of 1968.see also censorship.