• A technique utilized to transfer patterns or images from one material or medium to another. In it, an exposing source, such as light or an electron beam, irradiates the resist, with a mask determining the desired patterns. common techniques include photolithography, electron-beam lithography, ion-beam lithography, and X-ray lithography. Used, for instance, in the manufacturing of chips and thin film components.

Information & Library Science

  • noun a method of printing in which the ink sticks to greasy areas of treated metal, stone or film and is then transferred to paper


  • noun a printing process by which a design is applied to a smooth flat surface with greasy ink or a crayon. The surface is wetted and ink will adhere to the greasy parts, but not to the wet parts.

Media Studies

  • noun a method of printing using a plate of aluminium or zinc, treated to attract or repel oily ink in the appropriate places