local

Definitions

General English

  • adjective relating to a place or district near where you are or where you live

Accounting

  • adjective located in or providing a service for a restricted area

Banking

  • adjective referring to a particular area, especially one near where a factory or an office is based
  • noun an independent dealer in futures or options or an independent trader on the LIFFE
  • noun a branch of a national trade union

Computing

  • adjective used to describe a device that is physically attached and close to the controlling computer
  • adjective used to describe a variable or argument that is only used in a certain section of a computer program or structure
  • adjective used to describe a system with limited access

Electronics

  • In a communications network, the resources, such as data and devices, at a given node where a user is present, as opposed to those located elsewhere, which are remote.
  • Anything in a given place, area, enclosure, or environment, as opposed to that outside. For example, local noise, a local call, or a LAN.

Information & Library Science

  • adjective belonging or relating to the specific area where you live or work

Medical

  • adjective confined to one part

Slang

  • noun (someone who is) provincial, unsophisticated, boorish. The usage was further popularised by its adoption as a catchphrase for the tv comedy series The League of Gentleman.

Travel

  • noun the nearest pub to where someone lives

Origin & History of “local”

Latin locus meant ‘place’ (it became in due course French lieu, acquired by English in the 13th century, and was itself adopted into English as a mathematical term in the 18th century). From it was derived the verb locāre ‘place’, source of English locate (18th c.) and location (16th c.), and the post-classical adjective locālis, from which English gets local. The noun locale is a mock frenchification of an earlier local (18th c.), an adoption of the French use of the adjective local as a noun.
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