lose

Definitions

General English

  • verb to put or drop something somewhere and not to know where it is
  • verb not to have something any longer

Accounting

  • verb to have less money

Banking

  • verb to drop to a lower price

Law

  • verb not to be successful in a legal case

Military

  • verb not to have something any more, because it has been destroyed; not to have a person any more, especially one who has been killed

Politics

  • verb not to win something such as an election, vote or court case

Origin & History of “lose”

The verb lose originated as a derivative of the Old English noun los ‘loss’, which went back ultimately to the same Indo-European source (*lau-, *leu-, lu-) as produced English loose and the suffix -less. In Old English it was losian, which eventually ousted the original lēosan to become the only verb for ‘lose’. The noun los died out before the middle English period, and was replaced by loss (14th c.), probably a derivative of the past participle lost. The past participle of lēosan ‘lose’ was loren, which survives in forlorn and love-lorn.
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