- A bawdy comedy by Aristophanes, first performed in411 BC in Athens. In the play the women of Athens, disgustedwith the long-drawn-out war with Sparta, seize the Acropolis and thetreasury at Lysistrata's instigation and refuse to sleep with theirmen until peace is made. The theme was apparently suggested by thecontemporary Athenian military disasters in Sicily. Although once consideredtoo indecent for public performance, the play has been frequentlyrevived in the last 40 years. The growth of women's peace movementsin the 1980s also gave the work a renewed topical relevance and therehave been several modern adaptations.