match

Definitions

General English

Computing

  • verb to search through a database for a similar piece of information
  • verb to set a register equal to another

Electronics

  • One which is exactly like another, or which is its counterpart. Also, to make such a pair.
  • That which is compatible, or which otherwise works properly with something else.
  • To use compatible components, devices, equipment, or systems together. For example, to match a plug with its corresponding jack.
  • To attain an equality in a given property or value. For instance, to match impedances.
  • In computers, a comparison made to determine similarities and/or differences.

Information & Library Science

  • noun something that is equal to another in physical or mental characteristics
  • verb to find an item that has equal characteristics

Medical

  • verb to examine two things to see if they are similar or fit together
  • verb to fit together in a specific way

Sports

  • noun a contest between opponents, especially a sporting contest
  • noun somebody or something capable of competing equally with another person or thing

Origin & History of “match”

there are two unrelated words match in English, of which the older is ‘counterpart’ (OE). this goes back to an Old English gemæcca ‘mate’, whose ancestry can be traced to a prehistoric *gamakjon, a word based on the collective prefix *ga- and *mak- ‘fit’ (source of English make). Its etymological meaning is thus ‘fitting well together’. The use of the word as a verb emerged in the 14th century. Match ‘ignitable stick’ (14th c.) originally meant ‘wick’. It comes via Old French meiche from Latin myxa ‘lamp nozzle’. The first record of its modern use for ‘ignitable stick’ comes from 1831 (the synonymous lucifer is exactly contemporary, but had virtually died out by the end of the 19th century).
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