# mathematics

## Definition

### Publishing

- noun the study of the relationship between numbers, their manipulation and organisation, to prove facts and theories logically

## Origin & History of “mathematics”

Etymologically,

The abbreviated form

The original meaning of the word’s Greek

*mathematics*means ‘something learned’. Its ultimate source was the Greek__verb__*manthánein*‘learn’,__which__came__from__the__same__Indo-European__base__(**men*-, **mon*-, **mn*- ‘think’) as produced__English__*memory*and*mind*. Its stem__form__*math*- served as a basis of a__noun__*máthēma*‘science’, whose derived adjective*mathēmatikós*passed via Latin*mathēmaticus*and Old French*mathematique*into English as*mathematic*, now superseded by the contemporary*mathematical*(16^{th}c.).*Mathematics*probably comes from French*les mathématiques*, a rendering of the Latin__plural__noun*mathēmatica*. From earliest times the notion of ‘science’ was bound up__with____that__of ‘numerical reasoning’, and__when__*mathematics*reached English it was still being used for various scientific disciplines that involved geometrical calculation,__such__as astronomy and__physics__, but gradually over the centuries it has been narrowed__down__to a cover term for the abstract numerical sciences such as arithmetic,__algebra__, and geometry.The abbreviated form

*maths*dates from the__early__20th century, the preferred American form*math*from the__late__19th century.The original meaning of the word’s Greek

__ancestor__is preserved in English*polymath*‘person of__wide__learning’ (17^{th}c.).