mill

Definitions

General English

Agriculture

  • noun a factory where a substance is crushed to make a powder, especially one for making flour from the dried grains of cereals

Cars & Driving

  • verb to shape or cut metal

Construction

  • To shape metal or wood to a desired dimension by a machine that removes excess material.

Food

  • An implement used to reduce a solid to a fine powder, as with pepper, salt crystals, coffee, spices, etc.

Publishing

  • noun a building where a particular type of material is processed or made

Travel

  • verb to whisk or shake something such as cream or chocolate until it is foamy

Origin & History of “mill”

Mill is one of a large family of English words that go back ultimately to the Indo-European base *mel-, *mol-, *ml-, denoting ‘grind’. It includes meal ‘flour’, mollify, mollusc, mould ‘earth’, and (via the extended form *meld-, *mold-) melt and mild. One particular subset of the family comes from closely related Latin sources: the verb molere ‘grind’ has produced emolument and ormolu (18th c.) (etymologically ‘ground gold’); the noun mola ‘grindstone’ has given molar (16th c.) and (via a later sense ‘flour mixed with salt, sprinkled on sacrificial victims’) immolate (16th c.); and late Latin molīnus ‘grindstone’, which replaced classical Latin mola, was borrowed into Old English as mylen, from which we get modern English mill.
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