- The tendency of a control to adjust by increments and decrements, rather than in an "on/off " fashion.
- The process of modifying a characteristic of a wave or signal proportionally to a characteristic present in another wave or signal. Also, the result of such a process. Usually utilized to convey meaningful information.
- The process of modifying a characteristic of a carrier wave by an information-bearing signal, as occurs, for instance, in AM, FM, or PM. Also, the result of such modulation. For example, in FM, the instantaneous frequency of a sine wave carrier is varied above and below the center frequency by an information-bearing, or modulating, signal. Also called carrier modulation, or RF modulation.