• A type of play featuring a single speaking character that developedin late 18th-century Germany; other silent characters sometimes appeared.Often accompanied by music (when they were sometimes called melodramas),these short pieces were usually presented as part of the triple billsthen fashionable. The form was popularized by the playwright and actorJohann Christian Brandes (1735 - 99). Also popular was the duologuefor two actors; both forms were often extracts from longer plays inthe manner of the English droll.