- The aims or end-states that are sought in health systems or parts of systems. They may be cast in rather general forms such as 'to maximize utility ' or more specifically in terms of directly measurable achievement (e.g. number of patients successfully discharged). Useful statements of objectives are normally cast in terms of outputs to be achieved or net benefits to be maximized. A characteristic of most planning systems is that objectives are stated, with dates set for their accomplishment, and methods of monitoring progress identified.