out

Definitions

Banking

  • adverb away from work because of illness

Cricket

  • adjective of or denoting the team that is fielding, as distinguished from the team that is ‘in’ or batting
    Citation ‘A cricketer need only look at his scores and references to see how often the out side … has prevented the in side from getting the runs required’ (Badminton 1888)
    See also outcricket
  • adverb having one’s innings terminated, either as an individual batsman or as a batting side; dismissed from batting
    Citation ‘If a Ball is nipp’d up, and he strikes it again wilfully, before it came to the wicket, it’s out’ (Laws 1744)
    Citation ‘Bear in mind not to leave your ground till the ball has quitted the Bowler’s hand, or he will be justified in trying to put you out’ (Clarke 1851 in HM)
    Citation ‘Ponting’s only option was to blast England out double quick, but the light remained sepulchral’ (Hugh Chevallier, Wisden 2006)
    See also all out
  • noun a decision by the umpire that a batsman is out; a dismissal
    Citation ‘They are the sole Judges of all Outs and Inns [and] of all fair or unfair Play’ (Laws 1744)
  • verb to get a batsman or batting side out; dismiss
    Citation ‘The home team were all outed for 153’ (Headlam 1903)
    Citation ‘A poor batsman will often be “outed” by a half-volley, if it is speedy enough, but it is not often that one catches a county cricketer off his guard’ (P G Wodehouse, Daily Mail 17 May 1907)
    Citation ‘Back in the field, they improved this position by outing four of the opposition for 84’ (Peebles 1959)

Information & Library Science

  • prefix
    (written as out-)
    used with verbs to show that you can do the action better than another person

Media Studies

  • noun the last three words on a piece of audio, given to presenters and technicians as a cue that the piece is about to end

Publishing

  • adverb published
  • noun an omission of part of the text when composing

Slang

  • adjective living or behaving openly as a homosexual. The result of having come out (of the closet). A term from the gay lexicon.
  • verb to reveal or denounce as being a homosexual. The term, originally an obscure item of gay jargon, became famous in the 1980s as the practice of public naming of closet cases gathered momentum.
  • verb to knock unconscious, beat up. A term from the lexicon of teddy boys and mods.

Sports

  • adjective unable to take part any longer in a game or sport
  • noun in baseball, a play that retires a batter or base runner

Origin & History of “out”

Out is a widespread Germanic adverb (German aus, Dutch uit, Swedish ut, and Danish ud are its first cousins) which also has a relative on the far side of the Indo-European language area, Sanskrit ud- ‘out’. Its former comparative form still survives in utter ‘complete’, and utmost and the verb utter are also closely related.
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