pad

Definitions

General English

General Science

  • verb to fill something out

Computing

  • noun a number of keys arranged together

Construction

  • A plate or block used to spread a concentrated load over an area, such as a concrete block placed between a girder and a loadbearing wall.
  • A shoe of a crawler-type track.

Cricket

  • noun either of a pair of protective coverings worn by batsmen and wicket-keepers to protect their legs from above the knees to below the ankle

Electronics

  • A fixed attenuator consisting of a network of fixed resistors. Also called resistance pad.
  • On a printed circuit board, the printed conductive portion to which components are connected. It may consist, for instance, of the enlarged areas where component leads are soldered. Also called terminal area, or land (4).
  • One of multiple metal pads on the surface of a semiconductor device onto which connections may be made. Also called bonding pad.
  • A layer of a material placed over something else to provide cushioning.
  • The use of padding characters, or padding bits.

Food

  • stir-fried

Information & Library Science

  • noun several pieces of paper joined together at one edge so that each piece can be torn off after use
  • noun
    (written as PAD)
    a device for making up the packets in a packet switching system.

Medical

  • noun a piece or mass of soft absorbent material, placed on part of the body to protect it
  • noun a thickening of part of the skin

Military

  • noun a soldier who lives with his or her family in a married quarter

Slang

  • noun a home. The word now invariably refers to a room, apartment or house. In 17th-century Britain pad was used by peasants and poor travellers to designate a bed made of straw or rags, while in American slang before 1950 it designated a pallet or couch on which opium smokers or other drug takers reclined; this sense was later extended to encompass any room or place in which drug users gathered, or the beds on which they slept. The dissemination of beatnik-related jargon introduced the word to a wider audience, as did its adoption by the hippy generation.
  • verb (to go for) a walk

Sports

  • noun a cushioned target used in boxing and martial arts

Travel

  • noun a small terminal with keys, linked to a central computer, allowing orders to be keyed directly by a waiter or waitress

Origin & History of “pad”

English has two words pad, both of them borrowed from Low German or Dutch. The ancestral meaning of pad ‘cushion’ seems to be ‘sole of the foot’, although that sense did not emerge in English until the 18th century. Flemish pad and Low German pad both denote ‘sole’, as does the presumably related Lithuanian pādas. Pad ‘tread, walk’ comes from Low German padden, a descendant of the same Germanic source as produced English path. It was originally a slang term used by 16th- and 17th-century highwayman, muggers, and the like, and its corresponding noun pad survives in footpad (17th c.). Paddle ‘walk in shallow water’ (16th c.) comes from a Low German or Dutch derivative (the other paddle, ‘oar, bat’ (15th c.), is of unknown origin).
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