peach

Definitions

General English

Agriculture

  • noun a small deciduous tree (Prunus persica) found particularly in Mediterranean areas, though it will grow as far north as southern England. The fruit are large and juicy, with a downy skin, but they cannot be kept for any length of time.

Food

  • The fruit of a deciduous tree, Prunus persica, originally from China but now cultivated worldwide in temperate climates. Most fruits are spherical up to 7.5 cm diameter with a single longitudinal indentation from the stalk to the calyx end. The sweet juicy flesh may be white, yellow or orange, surrounds a large rough central stone and is enclosed in a downy skin ranging in colour from cream to orange/pink. Used both raw and poached as a dessert and for jam.

Slang

  • noun a foolish person. A less common synonym of plum and pear, used by schoolchildren since the 1990s.

Travel

  • noun a juicy fruit with a soft hairy yellow or red-and-yellow skin and sweet yellow flesh

Wine

  • the flavour of sweet peaches in some sweet, late-picked wines affected by the fungus Botrytis cinerea, or in wines made from Muscat grapes

Origin & History of “peach”

Etymologically, the peach is the ‘Persian’ fruit. The word comes via Old French peche from medieval Latin persica, an alteration of an earlier persicum ‘peach’. this was short for mālum Persicum, literally ‘Persian apple’, reflecting the fact that the peach, a native of China, first became widely known in Europe when it had reached Persia on its westward journey.
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