- A British theater group founded in London in 1919 to performearly English drama. It was set up under the aegis of the StageSociety, which had already revived a number of works by Farquhar,Congreve, Vanbrugh, and others. The Phoenix Society presented 26 importantproductions between 1919 and 1925. These drew support from such leadingtheatrical figures as Edith Craig, who managed the productions, AllanWade, who directed all but two, and Norman Wilkinson, who designedsets. Sir Thomas Beecham arranged the music for the 1923 productionof John Fletcher's The Faithful Shepherdess. Other dramatistswhose work was produced included John Dryden, Ben Jonson, Thomas Otway,and Francis Beaumont. In many cases the Society's revival of forgottenor neglected works led to subsequent productions by other companies.