pool

Definitions

General English

General Science

  • noun a small area of still water, especially one formed naturally
  • noun an area of oil or gas which collects in porous sedimentary rock
  • noun a group or combination of things or people.

Banking

  • noun an unused supply
  • noun a group of mortgages and other collateral used to back a loan

Forex

  • A business venture where funds from a group of individuals are combined in order to trade forex, futures or derivatives for profit. The operator of a pool organized to trade the financial markets usually needs to be registered with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC).

Media Studies

  • noun a small group of reporters who have personal access to an event or source, who distribute their reports to the wider media.

Sports

  • noun an artificial area of water in which swimming events take place
  • noun a game played with a cue, a white ball and 15 balls on a felt-covered table with six pockets

Travel

  • noun a game similar to snooker

Origin & History of “pool”

Pool of water (OE) and pool ‘collective amount’ (17th c.) are distinct words in English. The former comes from a prehistoric west Germanic *pōl-, source also of German pfuhl and Dutch poel. The latter was borrowed from French poule ‘hen’, a descendant of Latin pullus ‘young chicken’ (source also of English pony, poultry, and pullet). there was a French game called jeu de la poule, the ‘hen game’, involving throwing things at a hen – which you won as a prize if you hit it. Hence poule came to be used figuratively for ‘target’, and also for ‘that which is at stake in a game’ – source of the original meaning of English pool, ‘stake’. this evolved via ‘stake made up of players’ contributions’ to ‘collective amount’ and ‘collective resource’. Pool the snooker-like game is the same word; the game was originally played for a collective stake.
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