press

Definitions

General English

Agriculture

Food

  • noun a device or machine for crushing fruit or vegetables to extract the juice

Information & Library Science

  • noun a double-sided bookcase of not fewer than four tiers
  • verb to try to persuade somebody to do or say something

Media Studies

  • noun the news-gathering business generally, or all the people involved in gathering and reporting on the news, especially journalists working on newspapers
  • noun a company that publishes books

Politics

  • verb to ask for something again and again

Publishing

  • noun the act or method of printing
  • noun a device used in printing which pushes paper onto the inked metal type
  • verb to push down on paper in a press to make it flat
  • verb to print using a press
  • verb to put pressure on something

Slang

  • verb to have sex (with), penetrate. A term used by young street-gang members in London since around 2000.

Sports

  • noun a lift in which the weight is raised to shoulder height and then to above the head without moving the legs

Travel

  • verb to iron the creases from clothes

Wine

  • a mechanical device used to squeeze the juice from grapes. There are three main types of press: the basket press, the bladder press and the screw press. The grapes are normally first crushed to break open their skins and make it easier to press them. When making red wine the crushed grapes are first fermented in contact with the skins to provide the red colour of the wine before they are pressed; when making white wine the grapes are first crushed, then pressed, then the fermentation takes place without contact with the grape skins.

Origin & History of “press”

English has two words press. The commoner, and older, ‘exert force, push’ (14th c.), comes via Old French presser from Latin pressāre, a verb derived from the past participle of premere ‘press’ (source of English print). The corresponding noun press (which actually arrived in English a century earlier in the now archaic sense ‘crowd’) originated as a derivative of the Old French verb. Derived verbs in English include compress (14th c.), depress (14th c.), express, impress (14th c.), oppress (14th c.), repress (14th c.), and suppress (14th c.).

The other press, ‘force’ (16th c.), is now found virtually only in the expression ‘press into service’ and in the compound press-gang (17th c.). It originally denoted ‘compel to join the navy, army, etc’, and was an alteration, under the influence of press ‘exert force’, of prest ‘pay recruits’. this was a verbal use of middle English prest ‘money given to recruits’, which was borrowed from Old French prest ‘loan’. This in turn was a derivative of the verb prester ‘lend’, which went back to Latin praestāre ‘provide’, a compound formed from the prefix prae- ‘before’ and stāre ‘stand’. Related to praestāre was Latin praestō ‘at hand’, from which have evolved French prêt ‘ready’ and Italian and Spanish presto ‘quick’ (English borrowed the Italian version as presto (16th c.)).
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