race

Definitions

General English

Agriculture

  • noun a group of individuals within a species that are distinct, especially physiologically or ecologically, from other members of the species.
  • noun an improvised wooden way along which animals are made to walk, such as when being loaded into a vehicle.

Cars & Driving

  • noun the inner or outer cylindrical ring holding the balls or rollers in an antifriction bearing
  • verb to run at high speed when not in gear

Computing

  • noun an error condition in a digital circuit, in which the state or output of the circuit is very dependent on the exact timing between the input signals. Faulty output is due to unequal propagation delays on the separate input signals at a gate.

Construction

  • A channel intended to contain rapidly moving water.
  • A groove in a machine part in which an object moves.

Human Resources

  • noun a group of people who are different because of skin colour, hair, eyes, etc.

Media Studies

  • noun in postmodernist theory, the idea of a category to which a person belongs, based on phenotypical or ethnic distinctions between people.

Politics

  • noun a competition or test to see who is the best at doing something
  • noun a group of people who share the same language, history or culture, or who are different from other groups in terms of their physical appearance

Sports

  • verb to compete with someone in a contest of speed
  • verb when your heart races, it beats much faster than usual, e.g. because of nervousness or excitement

Wine

  • the distinctive taste of a wine, by which its grape variety or region of origin can be identified

Origin & History of “race”

For such a common word – or rather two words, for ‘people, population’ (16th c.) and ‘speed competition’ (13th c.) are unrelated – surprisingly little is known about the origins of race. The former comes via French from Italian razza, but the antecedents of razza are obscure. The ‘running’ race originally meant ‘rush’, and was borrowed from Old Norse rás ‘rush, running, race’ – again, of unknown origin.
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