radio

Definitions

General English

  • noun a method of sending out and receiving messages using air waves
  • noun a machine which sends out and receives messages using air waves

Aviation

  • noun wireless transmission through space of electromagnetic waves in the approximate frequency range from 10 kHz to 300,000 MHz

Electronics

Information & Library Science

  • noun equipment used to broadcast speech, sounds and data over long distances
  • noun the method of broadcasting to the public using this equipment

Media Studies

  • noun radio broadcasting as an industry or profession
  • noun sound broadcasts transmitted by means of radio waves
  • noun the broadcasting by radio of programmes for the public
  • noun a station which transmits radio broadcasts, or an organisation involved in radio broadcasting
  • noun an electronic device for receiving sound broadcasts transmitted via radio signals

Medical

  • prefix
    (written as radio-)
    referring to radiation
  • prefix
    (written as radio-)
    referring to radioactive substances
  • prefix
    (written as radio-)
    referring to the radius in the arm

Military

  • noun the transmission and reception of audible signals, using electromagnetic waves
  • noun an apparatus designed to transmit and receive radio signals

Travel

  • noun a system for sending out or receiving messages using atmospheric waves, or an apparatus which does this
  • verb to send a message using a radio

Origin & History of “radio”

Radio began life, in the first decade of the 20th century, as an abbreviation of radiotelegraphy, a compound based on Latin radius. this originally meant ‘staff, stake’, but it is its secondary meanings that have contributed significantly to English: ‘spoke of a wheel’, for instance, lies behind English radius (16th c.), and the notion of a ‘ray’ has produced radiant (15th c.), radiate (17th c.), radium (19th c.) (etymologically a metal emitting ‘rays’), and indeed ray. Radiotelegraphy itself denoted the sending of messages by electromagnetic ‘rays’. Radar (20th c.), coined in the USA in 1941, is an acronym formed from radio detection and ranging.
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