General English

  • adjective used for emphasising something
  • adjective which exists in the world, not only in someone’s imagination or in stories


  • adjective shown in terms of money adjusted for inflation
  • noun a unit of currency used in Brazil


  • Expressed in terms of the amounts of goods and services that something is worth at market prices.
  • Referring only to real economic variables as opposed to nominal, or monetary ones, as in real models.
  • Used with "appreciation" or "depreciation," refers to the real exchange rate. Thus a real appreciation means that the nominal value of a country's currency has increased by more than its relative price level may have decreased, so that the prices of its goods relative to foreign goods have increased.
  • The name of one unit of the Brazilian currency. One real equals 100 centavos. Pronounced "ray-all'".


  • A term used in economics to describe a quantity that has been adjusted in some way to account for a rise in prices. For example, some forex analysts like to review the real exchange rate (RER) of a currency pair in comparison to its actual exchange rate in the forex market.

Health Economics

  • (written as Real)
    The use of the adjective 'real' in economics is to distinguish monetary changes in value that are merely inflationary from others corresponding to changes in the flow of goods and services. Index numbers are used to deflate nominal values and thereby generate real values.

Media Studies

  • (written as Real)
    a trade name for a system used to transmit sound and video over the Internet, normally used to transmit live sound, e.g. from a radio station, over the Internet

Real Estate

  • adjective used for describing things as opposed to persons
  • adjective used for referring to land, especially freehold land

Origin & History of “real”

Real and its various derivatives (such as realism (19th c.), reality (16th c.), and realize (17th c.)) go back ultimately to Latin rēs ‘thing’, a word of uncertain origin related to Sanskrit rās ‘riches’. It had a post-classical derivative reālis, which English originally acquired via Anglo-Norman real and used strictly in the legal sense ‘of fixed property’ (as in real estate). The broader modern range of meanings was probably instigated by the reintroduction of the word direct from Latin in the mid-16th century.