record

Definitions

General English

  • noun written evidence of something which has happened
  • noun a flat round piece of usually black plastic on which sound is stored
  • verb to report something or to make a note of something
  • verb to put sounds or images onto something such as a film, tape or disc

General Science

  • verb to store data or signals on tape, on disk or in a computer

Aviation

  • noun a written account of facts and information for future reference

Computing

  • noun a set of items of related data

Electronics

  • To write, store, or otherwise preserve images, sounds, data, signals, or any other form of information, especially when in a permanent form suitable for later reproduction. This includes recording upon magnetic tapes, magnetic disks, optical discs, or wires, or producing papers, photographs, faxes, or the like, with content.
  • A group of related fields, each containing information. For instance, a group of fields, each containing one of the following items: a name, a corresponding address, and a contact number. A collection of fields form a record, and a collection of records form a file. Also called data record. When used in the context of relational databases, also called tuple.
  • A set of data elements treated as a unit.
  • A disc, usually composed of vinyl, which has sound recorded as variations in its spiral grooves. A phonograph is utilized to extract the sound so recorded. Also called phonograph record, phonographic record, or phonograph disc.
  • The printed images provided by a graphic recorder, such as an oscillograph.

Information & Library Science

  • noun a written account either on paper or in electronic format
  • verb to write something down or preserve something on film or tape so that it can be used for later reference

Law

  • noun a report of something which has happened, especially an official transcript of a court action

Media Studies

  • noun a piece of music in a format that can be listened to repeatedly
  • noun something on which sound is copied, especially a plastic disc with a groove that can be played using a gramophone

Medical

  • noun a piece of information about something

Politics

  • noun a result which is much better or much worse than earlier results

Sports

  • noun something that represents the greatest attainment so far, especially in sports

Origin & History of “record”

To record something is etymologically to commit it to one’s ‘heart’. The word comes via Old French recorder from Latin recordārī ‘go over in one’s mind, ponder, remember’. this was a compound verb based on Latin cor ‘heart’ (source of English concord, cordial (14th c.), courage, etc), used metaphorically in the sense ‘mind’. The notion of ‘putting something down in writing or other permanent form’ did not emerge until the Old French stage in the word’s history. The derivative recorder ‘woodwind instrument’ (15th c.) depends on a now obsolete sense of record, ‘practise a tune’.
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