red

Definitions

General English

Accounting

  • noun the colour of debit or overdrawn balances in some bank statements

Agriculture

  • noun
    (written as Red)
    the English name for the Rouge de l’Ouest breed of sheep

Investing

  • noun the colour of debit or overdrawn balances in some bank statements
    showing a debit or loss

Medical

  • adjective of a similar colour to blood
  • adjective with an increased blood flow because of heat or infection

Politics

  • adjective Communist, referring to a Communist party
  • noun the colour used to represent Socialist or Communist Parties

Slang

  • adjective suffering the after-effects of smoking marihuana or of another drug. A term used by young street-gang members in London since around 2000.

Origin & History of “red”

Red is an ancient colour-term, whose history can be traced back to prehistoric Indo-European *reudh-. this also produced Greek eruthrós ‘red’ (source of English erythrocyte ‘red blood cell’ (19th c.)) and a whole range of Latin ‘red’-words, including ruber (source of English rubicund and ruby), rubeus (source of English rouge (15th c.)), russus (source of English rissole and russet), and rūfus (source of English rufous (18th c.)). Amongst other English words from the same Indo-European source are robust, ruby, ruddy (OE), and rust. The immediate Germanic precursor of red was *rauthaz, which also produced German rot, Dutch rood, Swedish röd, and Danish rød.
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