repair

Definitions

General English

Aviation

  • noun an action designed to return something to good condition after damage

Cars & Driving

  • verb to restore something to working condition, e.g. by reconditioning, rebuilding, replacing

Electronics

  • To restore to a given level of operation after failure, breakage, or other damage.

Medical

  • verb to make something that is damaged good again

Real Estate

  • verb to restore something broken or damaged to good condition

Travel

  • noun an act of mending or making good something which is broken

Origin & History of “repair”

Repair ‘mend’ (14th c.) and repair ‘go’ (14th c.) are two distinct words. The former comes via Old French reparer from Latin reparāre ‘put back in order’, a compound verb formed from the prefix re- ‘back’ and parāre ‘put in order’ (source of English prepare). Repair ‘go’ is ultimately the same word as repatriate (17th c.). both go back to late Latin repatriāre ‘go home’, a compound verb based on Latin patria ‘homeland’ (a relative of English father, patron, etc). Repatriate was acquired direct from Latin, whereas repair was routed via Old French repairer.
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