General English


  • noun a state which is not a monarchy, but which is governed by elected representatives headed by a president
  • abbreviationRep.
    (written as Republic)
  • abbreviationRepub.
    (written as Republic)

Origin & History of “republic”

Latin rēspublica meant literally a ‘public matter’. It was a compound noun formed from rēs ‘thing, matter’ (source of English real) and publicus ‘public’ (source of English public). It was used as a term for the ‘state’ as governed by its people, and it was first taken over in English in the sense ‘state governed by elected representatives of the people, rather than by a king’ in the first decade of the 17th century.