rest

Definitions

General English

General Science

  • noun the state of not moving
  • noun a period of not moving or using energy
  • verb to keep something still and not moving or using energy

Commerce

  • noun what is left

Food

  • verb to leave pastry or dough for a while after it has been kneaded to allow the gluten in the flour to relax
  • verb to leave a piece of meat for a while after cooking to allow some of the juices to be reabsorbed into the fibre of the meat, making the meat more tender

Medical

  • noun a period of time spent relaxing or sleeping
  • verb to use a body part less for a period of time

Sports

  • verb to restore your energy by means of relaxation or sleep

Origin & History of “rest”

English has two words rest in current general use: ‘repose’ (OE) and ‘remainder’ (15th c.). The former is a general Germanic term, with relatives in German (rast) and Swedish (rast), but its ultimate antecedents are uncertain. The latter comes via Old French rester ‘remain’ from Latin restāre ‘stand back’, a compound verb formed from the prefix re- ‘back’ and stāre ‘stand’ (source of English statue, status, etc and related to English stand). Amongst its derivatives is restive (16th c.), which has completely reversed its meaning over the centuries. It comes from vulgar Latin *restīvus ‘inclined to remain, unwilling to move’, and reached English via Old French restif in the sense ‘inactive’. The modern meaning ‘restless, uneasy’ comes partly from an intermediate ‘refractory, hard to control’, but also through association with the unrelated rest ‘repose’.
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