- A satirical play by the Czech dramatist Karel Čapek,first performed in 1921 in Prague and subsequently in London and NewYork. The initials stand for Rossum's Universal Robots. The play,which introduced the word robot to the language, depicteda futuristic society in which technology is used to create a regimentedworking class. The robotic machine men eventually go out of controland begin to take on human characteristics. Čapek's play washighly influenced by German expressionism and also employed some featuresof revue.
The dramatist R. C. Sherriff (1896 - 1975) wrote of theopening night of his own Journey's End (1928): "I couldn'tbear to look at the audience. I remember thinking they looked likethe robots in RUR standing outside the wire."