rush

Definitions

General English

Agriculture

  • noun a common weed (Juncus) growing near water, in moors and marshes, of little nutritional value

Commerce

  • verb to make something go fast

Military

  • verb to move suddenly and quickly towards something
  • verb to make a sudden assault

Publishing

  • noun an act of doing something fast

Slang

  • noun the initial heady or euphoric sensation consequent on taking a mind-altering drug. The word is used especially, and most literally, of stimulant drugs such as cocaine and amphetamines; it generally refers to the sudden effects of a drug injected intravenously or taken through the mucous membranes rather than the more gradual onset attendant upon smoking or swallowing. The term is sometimes extended to refer to any exciting or stimulating action or situation.
  • noun defined by a London schoolboy as ‘when lots of people beat up one person’

Travel

  • noun a state in which you do something fast

Origin & History of “rush”

English has two words rush. The plant-name (OE) goes back to a prehistoric Germanic *rusk-, which also produced German and Dutch rusch, and may be related to Latin restis ‘rush’. Rush ‘hurry’ (14th c.) goes back ultimately to Old French ruser ‘drive back, detour’, source of English ruse. It reached English via Anglo-Norman russher, where until the 17th century it was used in its original sense ‘drive back, repulse’. The sense ‘hurry’ developed in Anglo-Norman, presumably from some association of the sound of the word with ‘hurrying’.
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