- A one-act play by Oscar Wilde, based on the biblical story ofSalome, who danced for her father Herod and demanded the head of John theBaptist in return. The play, which was written in French for SarahBernhardt in 1891, was banned from performance in England by the LordChamberlain. Bernhardt finally produced it in Paris in 1896, by which timeWilde had been imprisoned for sexual offences. Salomé was notallowed on the British stage until 1931, although the operatic version byRichard Strauss, with a German libretto, was presented in 1905. In 1949 PeterBrook mounted a production of the Strauss opera, with designs bySalvador Dali, at Covent Garden.