sand

Definitions

General English

Agriculture

  • noun fine grains of weathered rock, usually round grains of quartz, found especially on beaches and in the desert

Cars & Driving

  • verb to smooth or clean a surface by rubbing with sandpaper

Construction

  • granular material able to pass through the 3/8" sieve, almost entirely passing the No.4 (4.75-millimeter) sieve, and predominantly retained on the No.200 (75-micrometer) sieve, and resulting from natural disintegration and abrasion of rock or processing of completely friable sandstone.
  • That portion of an aggregate passing the No.4 (4.75-millimeter) sieve, and resulting from natural disintegration and abrasion of rock or processing of completely friable sandstone. See also fine aggregate. Note: The definitions are alternatives to be applied underdiffering circumstances. Definition 1. is applied to an entire aggregate either in a natural condition or after processing. Definition 2. is applied to a portion of an aggregate. Requirements for properties and grading shouldbe stated in the specifications. Fine aggregate produced by crushing rock, gravel, or slag commonly is known as manufactured sand.

Military

  • noun a substance consisting of tiny grains of rock, which covers the ground on beaches and in deserts

Real Estate

  • noun a substance consisting of fine loose grains of rock or minerals, usually quartz fragments, found on beaches, in deserts and in soil, widely used as a building material
  • verb to rub a surface with glasspaper to make it smoother
  • verb to add sand to something, e.g. to a mixture of materials when making mortar

Origin & History of “sand”

Sand is a widespread Germanic word, shared by German, Swedish, and Danish (Dutch has zand). Its prehistoric source was *sandam, which went back to an Indo-European *samdam. this also produced Latin sabulum ‘sand’, which evolved into French sable and Italian sabbia ‘sand’. It probably came ultimately from a base which signified ‘grind, crush’.
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