sandwich

Definitions

General English

Aviation

  • noun a construction of three layers, the material of the one in the middle being different from the two on each side

Food

  • Two slices of bread enclosing a filling. The bread is coated on the inside with butter or similar to prevent the filling soaking into the bread.

Media Studies

  • noun a piece-to-camera followed by a video insert, and finished with a second piece-to-camera.

Travel

  • noun two slices of bread with a filling such as meat, cheese between them
  • noun a type of cake, formed of two pieces of sponge cake, one on top of the other, with a cream or jam filling in between

Origin & History of “sandwich”

John Montagu, the fourth Earl of Sandwich (1718–1792), is said to have been so addicted to the gambling table that in order to sustain him through an entire 24-hour session uninterrupted, he had a portable meal of cold beef between slices of toast brought to him. The basic idea was nothing new, of course, but the Earl’s patronage ensured it a vogue, and by the early 1760s we have the first evidence of his name being attached to it: the historian Edward Gibbon in 1762 recorded in his diary how he dined at the cocoa tree and saw ‘twenty or thirty of the best men in the kingdom … supping at little tables … upon a bit of cold meat, or a Sandwich’.
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