science

Definitions

General English

General Science

  • noun the study of the physical and natural world and phenomena, especially by using systematic observation and experiment
  • noun a particular area of study or knowledge of the physical world
  • noun a systematically organised body of knowledge about a particular subject

Commerce

  • noun study or knowledge based on observing and testing

Information & Library Science

  • noun knowledge which can be tested and proved usually according to natural laws

Medical

  • noun a study based on looking at and recording facts, especially facts arranged into a system

Origin & History of “science”

Etymologically, science simply means ‘knowledge’, for it comes via Old French science from Latin scientia, a noun formed from the present participle of the verb scīre ‘know’. It early on passed via ‘knowledge gained by study’ to a ‘particular branch of study’, but its modern connotations of technical, mathematical, or broadly ‘non-arts’ studies did not begin to emerge until the 18th century. The derivative scientist was coined in 1840 by William Whewell: ‘We need very much a name to describe a cultivator of science in general. I should incline to call him a Scientist’, Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences 1840.
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