scissors

Definitions

General English

Food

  • Two pivoted opposing blades with handles arranged to close together and overlap. Used for a variety of cutting tasks in the kitchen. The two blades are differently ground and sharpened, one being the cutter with the oblong finger hold and rounded tip, the other being the anvil blade with the round finger hole and the sharp tip. The cutter blade is usually on top of the work and does the actual cutting.

Medical

  • plural noun an instrument for cutting, made of two blades and two handles fastened together

Sports

  • noun a movement of the legs that resembles the opening and closing of scissors
  • noun a simple technique of clearing the bar sideways on with a leading leg and then the other in a fast separating and closing movement, now rarely used
  • noun a tactic in which a player passes the ball to another player running diagonally to his or her line of advance, thus changing the direction of an attack

Origin & History of “scissors”

Scissors are etymologically a ‘cutting’ implement. The word comes via Old French cisoires from cīsōria, the plural of late Latin cīsōrium ‘cutting implement’, which was derived from Latin caedere ‘cut’ (source of English concise, decide, incision, etc). The original form of the word in English was sisoures; the sc- spelling did not come on the scene until the 16th century, presumably through association with Latin scindere ‘cut’ (source of English rescind (17th c.) and scission ‘cutting’ (15th c.), and related to Greek skhízein ‘split’, from which English gets schism and schizophrenia).
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