shake

Definitions

Banking

  • verb to move something quickly from side to side

Construction

Food

  • milk shake

Medical

  • verb to move, or make something move, with short quick movements

Slang

  • verb to alert, rouse, summon. This use of the word, obviously deriving from the literal shaking of someone to wake them, is now employed as part of police, underworld and working-class jargon.
  • verb to search or stop and harass (a suspect). The word, used by police and criminals, is a shortening of the more familiar shake down.

Origin & History of “shake”

Shake is a general Germanic verb, although today its only surviving relatives are Swedish skaka and Norwegian skage. It comes from a prehistoric Germanic *skakan, which goes back to the Indo-European base *skeg-, *skek- (source also of Sanskrit khajati ‘agitate, churn’ and Welsh ysgogi ‘move’).
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