• a large Italian island off the toe of the mainland that has a hot climate and a long winemaking tradition. Historically its production was dominated by Marsala fortified wines, but it now produces a range of table wines (often outside the DOC system). The island has various distinctive grapes, including Nerello, Nero d’Avola and Perricone for red wines and Catarratto, Grillo, Grecanico and Inzolia for white wines.