south

Definitions

General English

  • adjective relating to the south
  • noun the direction facing towards the sun at midday

General Science

  • adjective situated in the south

Aviation

  • adjective referring to areas or regions lying in the south, referring to the compass point 180° from north
  • adverb towards the south
  • noun a compass point on the mariner’s compass 180° clockwise from due north and directly opposite north

Military

  • noun one of the four main points of the compass, corresponding to a bearing of 180 degrees or 3200 mils
  • noun an area to the south of your location

Politics

  • noun
    (written as South)
    a region of a country, e.g. the part of the USA to the south of Washington

Origin & History of “south”

South, together with its relatives German süd, Dutch zuid, Swedish söder, and Danish syd, goes back to a prehistoric Germanic *suntha-. this may have been derived from the base of *sunnōn ‘sun’ – in which case south would mean etymologically ‘region of the sun, side on which the sun appears’. French sud ‘south’ was borrowed from English.
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