General English

General Science


  • verb to say or to mention, or to give information clearly


  • noun a semi-independent section of a federal country such as the US


  • A description of the conditions or circumstances of a particle, entity, or system, which encompasses one or more key attributes. Also, such a state. For example, a ground state, an excited state, or a quantum state.
  • The condition in which a component, circuit, device, piece of equipment, system, material, process, or setting is in at a given moment. For example, and idle state, or a logic state.
  • The condition in which a computer program, device, system, setting, sequence, or the like is in at a given moment.

Information & Library Science

  • adjective relating to government-run organisations


  • noun the condition of something or of a person


  • noun an independent community of people, with its own territory, government and armed forces.


  • noun the political system of a country represented by its government


  • noun a mess, disaster. This word became an all-purpose vogue term in London working-class speech of the early 1970s. The original notion of ‘to be in a (bit of a) state’ was transformed so that state (two and eight in rhyming slang) came to refer to the individual rather than the situation.

Origin & History of “state”

State comes, partly via Old French estat (source of English estate), from Latin status ‘way of standing, condition, position’, which was formed from the same base as stāre ‘stand’ (a distant relative of English stand). The word’s political sense, ‘body politic’, first recorded in the 16th century, comes from Latin expressions such as status rei publicae ‘condition of the republic’ and status civitatis ‘condition of the body politic’. The verb state originally meant ‘put, place’; its modern meaning ‘declare’ arose from the notion of ‘placing’ something on record, setting it out in detail. English borrowed status itself in the 17th century.