stone

Definitions

General English

General Science

  • noun a mineral formation

Agriculture

  • noun a single small piece of rock
  • noun a hard endocarp that surrounds a seed in a fruit such as a cherry

Construction

  • Individual blocks of rock processed by shaping, cutting, or sizing. For use in masonry work.
  • Fragments of rock excavated, usually by blasting, from natural deposits and further processed by recrushing and sizing. For use as aggregate.
  • A carborundum or other natural or artificial hone used to sharpen cutting edges of tools.

Food

  • The hard central seed of fruits such as cherry, peach, mango, plum, olive, etc., usually with a hard woody shell enclosing a soft kernel.

Media Studies

  • noun a very smooth flat table used for arranging printing type

Military

  • verb to throw stones at a person or vehicle

Publishing

  • noun a flat surface, usually metal, on which the pages of metal type are made up into formes
  • noun a hard mineral surface formerly used in lithography

Real Estate

  • noun the hard solid nonmetallic substance that rocks are made of, widely used as a building material
  • noun a piece of rock that has been shaped for a particular purpose, e.g. a paving stone

Slang

  • noun the drug crack. A synonym, recorded in 2002, of the earlier rock.

Sports

  • noun the shaped and polished mass of granite or iron that is slid along the ice in the game of curling

Travel

  • noun a measure of weight equalling 14 pounds or 6.35 kilograms

Origin & History of “stone”

Stone is a general Germanic word, with relatives in German stein, Dutch steen, and Swedish and Danish sten. these all go back to a prehistoric *stainaz, which was derived from a base denoting ‘stiffness’ or ‘solidity’ (source also of Greek stía ‘pebble’ and stéar ‘stiff, fat’, Sanskrit styā- ‘stiffen’, and Serbo-Croat stijena ‘rock’). The use of the English term for a measure of weight, equal to fourteen pounds, dates from the 14th century.
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