stop

Definitions

General English

  • noun the end of something, especially of movement
  • noun a place where you break a journey
  • noun a place where a bus or train lets passengers get on or off
  • verb not to move any more, e.g. in order to let people get on or off

General Science

  • noun a component which limits the movement of a part

Agriculture

  • verb to remove the growing tip of a shoot, to encourage lateral growths

Aviation

  • noun a component which limits the distance that a moving part can move

Banking

  • noun a situation in which someone is not supplying or not paying something

Cars & Driving

  • noun a component which limits the motion, travel or stroke of a moving part

Commerce

  • noun the end of an action
  • verb to make something not move or happen any more

Construction

  • On doors, the molding on the inside of the doorjamb that causes the door to stop in its closed position, preventing it from swinging through. On windows, the molding that covers the inside face of the jamb.
  • A type of molding nailed to the face of a door frame to prevent the door from swinging through. A stop is also used to hold the bottom sash of a double-hung window in place.
  • A valve used to shut off water supply to a fixture.

Cricket

  • noun
    Same as long stop
    Citation ‘In laying out your field, you should be careful in selecting good men for your principal places, such as wicket-keeper, point, stop, short-slip’ (Clarke 1851 in HM)
  • verb to field as long stop
    Citation ‘No substitute in the field shall be allowed to bowl, keep wicket, stand at the point or middle wicket, or stop behind to a fast bowler, unless by consent of the opposite party’ (Laws 1830)
  • verb to block the ball defensively
    Citation ‘I would strongly recommend the young batsman to turn his whole attention to stopping: for, by acting this part well, he becomes a serious antagonist to the bowler’ (Nyren 1833 in HM)

Media Studies

  • noun one of the graded settings for the size of the aperture of a camera lens

Military

  • verb to finish doing something
  • verb to stop moving and stand still
  • verb to prevent someone or something from moving
  • verb to prevent the enemy from advancing or successfully completing an attack

Publishing

  • noun the point where a line ends, or where it meets another line at right angles

Origin & History of “stop”

‘Close an opening, plug’ is the original meaning of stop. It comes via Old English *stoppian (recorded only in compounds) from a prehistoric Germanic *stoppōn ‘plug up’ (source also of English stuff). The sense ‘halt’ emerged in middle English from the notion of ‘preventing a flow by blocking a hole’.
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