strategy

Definitions

General English

  • noun the decisions you make about how you are going to do something

Accounting

  • noun a course of action, including the specification of resources required, to achieve a specific objective

Economics

  • noun a plan of future action

Information & Library Science

  • noun a plan which sets out the methods of achieving one’s goals

Media Studies

  • noun a communicative act that has a clear purpose and has been pre-planned, e.g. to persuade or make a sale

Military

  • noun the skill of using large military groupings (such as armies, corps, fleets, etc.) in order to achieve long-term objectives which will affect the course of a campaign or war

Politics

  • noun a long-term plan of action

Sports

  • noun a carefully devised plan of action to achieve a goal, or the art of developing or carrying out such a plan

Origin & History of “strategy”

Etymologically, strategy denotes ‘leading an army’. It comes ultimately from Greek stratēgós ‘commander-in-chief, general’, a compound noun formed from stratós ‘army’ and ágein ‘lead’ (a relative of English act, agent, etc). From it was formed stratēgíā ‘generalship’, which reached English via French stratégie. Another derivative was stratēgeīn ‘be a general’, which in turn spawned stratḗgēma ‘act of a general’. this passed via Latin stratēgēma and French stratagème into English as stratagem (15th c.).
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