strike

Definitions

General English

  • verb to hit something hard
  • verb to ring to mark an hour
  • verb to come to someone’s mind

Agriculture

  • noun the infestation of the flesh of sheep by the larvae of blowflies. It causes extreme irritation and death can occur in a short time.

Commerce

  • verb to stop working because there is no agreement with management

Construction

  • In masonry, to cut off the excess mortar at the face of a joint with a trowel stroke.
  • To remove formwork.
  • A work stoppage by a body of workers.
  • A metal plate installed on a door frame where a latch or dead bolt engages.

Cricket

  • noun the position of being the batsman who is actually facing the bowling; in British usage, the facing batsman is said – somewhat confusingly for the uninitiated – to be on strike, but elsewhere the usual term is in strike
    Citation ‘Once into his eighties, he proceeded quietly, with Randall (of all people) telling him to keep concentrating and pinching most of the strike’ (Scyld Berry, Observer 22 January 1984)
    Citation ‘Such was Lara’s superiority and feeling of confidence that he thought it necessary to keep the strike at all times’ (Paul Allott, Cricketer May 1994)
    Citation ‘Yuvraj got strike after the first delivery, edged a four off the second, and spanked another off the third’ (Siddhartha Vaidyanathan, Cricinfo Magazine July 2006)

Economics

  • noun an act of stopping work by workers, because of lack of agreement with management or because of orders from a union

Law

  • noun the activity of stopping work because of an inability to reach agreement with management or because of orders from a union
  • verb to hit someone or something

Media Studies

  • verb to take a film set apart or remove an unwanted prop from a set

Military

  • noun an act of hitting a target
  • noun an attack (especially by aircraft or missiles on ground targets)

Politics

  • verb to remove a word from a text or a name from a list

Publishing

  • verb to make a matrix for casting type, by hitting the blank metal with a punch

Theater

  • To take down or dismantle a stage set, or to remove an itemfrom it. The Pall Mall Gazette was amazed in 1891 to note that,"It took 12 hours of work by a very large staff to 'strike'Ivanhoe and mount La Basoche." The word also meansto turn off a stage light or terminate a sound effect. see alsoset a stage.

Travel

  • noun a situation where employees refuse to work, because of e.g. bad pay or a lack of agreement with management

Origin & History of “strike”

Strike comes from a prehistoric Germanic base which denoted ‘touch lightly’ – a sense which survived into English (‘That good horse blessed he then, and lovingly struck its mane’, Sir Ferumbras 1380). The more violent modern sense ‘hit hard’ did not begin to encroach until the 13th century. The related stroke retains the original meaning, but another relative, streak, has also lost it. All three go back to west Germanic *strīk-, *straik-, which in turn were descended from the Indo-European base *strig-, *streig-, *stroig-, source of Latin strigilis ‘tool for scraping the skin after a bath’ (acquired by English as strigil (16th c.)). The use of strike for ‘withdraw labour’ developed in the mid-18th century (it is first recorded in the Annual Register 1768: ‘This day the hatters struck, and refused to work till their wages are raised’). It probably comes from the notion of ‘downing’ one’s tools, as in strike a sail ‘lower a sail’.
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