- noun any chemical of the saccharide group
- The sweet-tasting water-soluble monosaccharides and disaccharides crystallized from plant juices (sucrose, fructose) or obtained, usually as syrups, by breaking down starch (glucose, maltose).
- noun any of several sweet carbohydrate substances that occur naturally
Origin & History of “sugar”
The ultimate source of sugar is Sanskrit, where the substance was named with a term that originally meant ‘gravel, grit’ – sharkarā. this was borrowed into Arabic as sukkar, which made its way into English via medieval Latin succarum, Italian zucchero, and Old French sukere. The Sanskrit word was also acquired by Greek as sákkharon, which passed into English through medieval Latin saccharum as saccharin.