• A type of theater found in the villages of northern India.It is performed at Hindu festivals and family celebrations such asweddings and births of sons. Also called Swang, Sang,or Sangeet, the form dates from the late 18th century and hasspread to some urban areas.

    Svanga dramas usually have moralistic themes of love,honour, and duty. The plots are loosely derived from history and popularballads. The all-male dramas are performed in an open space or occasionallyon the veranda of a patron's house. The actors dress in ordinary villagegarments set off with elaborate headdresses and colourful cloth pieces;they also use false wigs and beards. The spectacle begins with songspraising the Hindu gods, especially the elephant-headed Ganapati,the god of good fortune. The plays are acted in regional dialect andusually include a number of romantic love songs.