sweat

Definitions

General English

  • noun drops of salt liquid which come through your skin when you are hot or when you are afraid

General Science

  • noun a salty liquid secreted by glands onto the skin’s surface as a means of reducing body heat
  • noun drops of liquid generated on a surface, usually by condensation of water vapour from the air
  • verb to produce a clear salty liquid on the surface of the skin as a result of being hot or as a result of strenuous activity, fear, anxiety, or illness

Food

  • noun a salty liquid produced by the sweat glands to cool the body as the liquid evaporates from the skin
  • verb to cook food in a pan in its own juices with a small amount of fat or oil until tender

Medical

  • verb to produce moisture through the sweat glands and onto the skin

Slang

  • noun a brutish, unsophisticated individual. The term sometimes denotes someone engaged in menial tasks and was heard in working-class speech in the 1990s.
  • verb to put pressure on (someone)

Sports

  • noun a run that a horse has before a race, as exercise

Travel

  • verb to cook something in a pan in its own juices with a small amount of fat or oil until tender

Origin & History of “sweat”

Sweat is part of a widespread family of ‘sweat’-words that goes back ultimately to the prehistoric Indo-European base *sweid-, *swoid-. other members include Greek hidrṓs, Latin sūdor (source of English exude (16th c.)), Welsh chwys, Latvian sviēdri, and Sanskrit svḗdas. Amongst its Germanic descendants was *swaitjan, which evolved into German schweissen ‘weld’, Dutch zweeten ‘sweat’, and English sweat. Swot (19th c.) originated as a dialectal variant of sweat.
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