sweet pepper


General English


  • The fruit of an annual bush Capsicum annuum Grossum Group which is green when unripe and passes through yellow to red as it becomes riper. Some can be purple or brown. They are generally about 8 – 15 cm long, 6 – 10 cm in diameter, possible tapering with a fleshy outer covered with a tough shiny skin and with small seeds in the mainly hollow interior. Known by their colour (i.e. green, red peppers) or as paprika or bell peppers. Their flavour is due to the compound capsaicin which is an irritant in high concentrations.


  • noun the fruit of the Capsicum, which can be green, red or yellow and is eaten cooked or raw in salads