Teatro del grottesco
- (Italian: Theatre of the Grotesque) A movement in modern Italiandrama that originated in World War I as a reaction against the heroicplays of Gabriele D'Annunzio. The movement, which lastedthrough the 1920s, sought to renew the Italian theater by introducingelements of parody, irony, violent realism, and grotesque humour.The works explored hypocrisy and the gap between illusion and reality.
Teatro del grottesco derived its name from the subtitleto one of its best-known works, the 1916 farce Le Maschera e ilvolto (The mask and the Face) by Luigi Chiarelli (1884 - 1947).This satirical look at modern society has been widely translated andperformed. Other important writers were Pier Maria Rosso di San Secondo(1887 - 1956), who wrote Marionette, che passione! (Puppets,What Passion!; 1918) and La Scala (The Ladder; 1926),and Massimo Bontempelli (1878 - 1960). Italy's greatest 20th-centurydramatist, Luigi Pirandello, was also associated with themovement.