theatrum mundi



  • A type of miniature theater that was used to recreate currentevents, especially military battles and natural disasters, in theearly 19th century. The figures, which were operated by strings, couldbe moved backwards and forwards along a track through a wing-and-borderset. In Britain, a well-known example was Brown's Theatre of Arts,which toured fairs from 1830 to 1840 presenting scenes of Napoleon'scampaigns. The theatrum mundi was especially popular in Germany.Goethe is known to have possessed one, while a popular venue in theLuisenstrasse, Berlin, presented such attractions as 'The Battle ofSchleswig-Holstein'.