throw

Definitions

General English

General Science

  • noun the amount of up or down movement of rocks at a fault line

Agriculture

  • verb to give birth to young

Construction

  • The distance a latch bolt extends.
  • The horizontal or vertical distance an airstream travels after leaving an outlet until its velocity is reduced to a specific value.
  • The effective distance between a fixture and the area being illuminated.
  • The scattering of fragments from a blast.
  • The longest straight distance traveled in a complete stroke of a rotary part.

Cricket

  • verb to deliver the ball using an action that constitutes a throw according to the Laws of cricket
    Citation ‘When Darrell Hair tried to emulate Phillips and Egar by calling Muralitharan for throwing at Melbourne in 1995, the response reached new heights of indignation’ (David Frith, Wisden 2005)

Media Studies

  • verb to hand over to another presenter

Slang

  • noun (to) vomit. Throw is a short form of synonyms such as throw up, throw one’s voice, etc.

Sports

  • verb to lose a fight, race or contest deliberately, e.g. by not trying or by committing a foul (informal)

Origin & History of “throw”

Old English thrāwan meant ‘twist, turn’. It came from a prehistoric Germanic *thrējan, which also produced German drehen ‘turn’. this in turn went back to the Indo-European base *ter-, whose other descendants include Greek teírein ‘wear out’, Latin terere ‘rub’ (source of English attrition (14th c.), contrition (13th c.), and trite (16th c.)), Lithuanian trinù ‘rub, file, saw’, Welsh taradr ‘auger’, and English thread and turn. It is not clear how the original sense ‘twist, turn’ (which survives in ‘throwing a pot’ on a potter’s wheel) evolved in English into ‘project, hurl’ (first recorded in the 13th century), but presumably there must have been some intermediate phase such as ‘throw with a twisting action – as in throwing the discus’.
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